Essential Java Frameworks to Familiarize Yourself with by 2023 – IQCode

Introduction to Java Frameworks

Java is a popular programming language used in various fields such as Big Data, Machine Learning, Web Development, and Android Development. Its versatility and power have made it popular among millions of developers for more than 25 years. Java is an Object Oriented Programming Language with minimal implementation dependencies. It allows developers to create applications that can be run on any platform, making it the preferred language for many developers.

Java’s popularity lies in its platform, which includes a vast collection of code libraries and frameworks that are readily available for developers. These frameworks are ready-made code components that are extensively used by developers. Some of the popular Java frameworks are Spring, Hibernate, Play, Apache Struts, Dropwizard, Google Web Toolkit, Java Server Faces, Vaadin, Blade, and Grails.

Whether you want to develop a project or crack a coding interview, learning Java can prove to be extremely useful. There are numerous resources available for developers to learn Java frameworks, including books, online courses, and forums.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Which Java framework is better?
2. Is Apache a Java framework?
3. Is Java a language or framework?
4. Is Java used in the backend?
5. How many Java frameworks are there?
6. How can I learn Java frameworks?
7. Which Java frameworks should I learn?

For answers to these questions and additional resources, visit the Additional Resources section.


// Java Frameworks are platforms used for building software applications.
// They provide application-specific software and a standard way to build and deploy applications.
// Frameworks consist of various components like support programs, compilers, code libraries, and APIs.
// These components help in the selective modification of the software to meet specific requirements.

* In Java, some popular frameworks are:
* 1. Spring Framework
* 2. Hibernate Framework
* 3. Struts Framework
* 4. JavaServer Faces Framework
* 5. Play Framework

Java frameworks are used to build software applications. They consist of different components that provide standardized functionality that can be modified as per specific need. The Spring, Hibernate, Struts, JavaServer Faces, and Play frameworks are some popular frameworks in Java.

Understanding Java Frameworks

Java Frameworks provide a foundation for Java developers to create web applications using pre-existing codes. A Java Framework comprises of pre-defined classes and functions that process input and manage hardware devices linked to the system’s software.

Top Java Frameworks in the Software Industry

In the world of Java development, frameworks are essential tools used by developers to simplify and accelerate their work. Here are some of the most popular Java frameworks that are currently being used:

Spring Framework
JavaServer Faces (JSF)
Google Web Toolkit (GWT)
Apache Wicket
Play Framework

Introduction to the Spring Framework

The Spring Framework is a popular and versatile Java framework used to simplify the development of enterprise-grade applications. Its first production release was in 2004, and since then, it has gained immense popularity and is referred to as the “framework of frameworks.” Spring is an open-source, loosely coupled Java application framework.

Key Features and Uses

– Supports web application development and the creation of Enterprise Java Applications (JEE).
– Lightweight container and JDBC support for increased productivity and reduced errors. Allows backward compatibility and testability of code.
– Dependency Injection and Bean concepts make web development effortless.


– The Spring framework provides a lightweight container that can be triggered without web/application server software.
– Offers excellent support for JDBC and supports backward compatibility and testability of code.
– Annotation-based and XML configurations can be extensively utilized with Spring.

Overall, Spring is used by numerous companies, including Amazon, eBay, Netflix, etc. for large-scale application development.

Hibernate Framework

Hibernate is a popular object-relational mapping tool for Java. It offers a framework for mapping a domain model to a relational DB. The main configuration file is HIBERNATE.CFG.XML, which contains database configuration and Java class mapping info. Software giants like IBM, Dell, and Oracle use Hibernate to develop persistent classes.

Hibernate offers several advantages:

  • It follows object-oriented concepts, making communication with databases easier.
  • It bridges the gap between objects and relational databases with minimal code alterations.
  • It simplifies database operations on Java entities.
  • It is free, open-source, and encourages code reusability.
  • It helps achieve portability, productivity, and maintainability.

Play Framework

Play Framework is an open-source web application framework written in Scala, but it can also be used with other programming languages that compile to JVM bytecode like Java. It follows the Model View Controller (MVC) pattern and provides features such as hot code reloading, convention over configuration, and error messages in the browser. Play is suitable for web applications that need content creation and other Java and Scala applications.

Advantages of Play Framework include good support for non-blocking input/output for high-performance applications and flexibility and failure tolerance for results. It uses the Akka Toolkit and is designed to eliminate the issues of traditional Java web development such as slow software development cycles and excessive configurations.

Apache Struts: A Java MVC Framework for Web Applications

Apache Struts is a popular, free and open-source Java framework based on MVC architecture. It simplifies the creation of modern and attractive Java web applications. Struts prefers convention over configuration and offers a plugin architecture to support REST, AJAX, and JSON.

Major companies like Infosys, Accenture, and NextGen Technologies use Apache Struts. It provides two versions, Struts 1 and Struts2, which combines the webwork framework of OpenSymphony and Struts 1. Here are some benefits of Apache Struts:

– Simplifies the development of MVC-based Web Applications
– Extends the Java Servlet API
– Reduces application development time
– Makes application maintenance easier
– Offers central configuration through XML or property files

Get started with Apache Struts today and build excellent web applications with ease!

Dropwizard Framework

Dropwizard is a lightweight Java framework that supports features such as advanced configurations, logging, and application metrics. It can be used for fast-paced development and is ideal for developing operation-friendly applications, rapidly building Restful APIs, and creating Java microservices.

Dropwizard is advantageous over other frameworks due to its quick project bootstrap, support for various open-source and independent libraries, and ease of rapid prototyping.

//Sample code here

Google Web Toolkit (GWT)

Google Web Toolkit (GWT) is a Java-based framework developed by Google for creating elegant web applications. One of its notable features is its ability to convert Java code into customized JavaScript code based on the browser being used.

Popular Google products like AdSense, Google Wallet, and Blogger were built using GWT. It simplifies the usage of Google APIs, making it a developer-friendly framework. Additionally, GWT supports code reusability for common web development tasks and provides features like internationalization, UI abstraction, and cross-browser compatibility.

Java Server Faces (JSF)

Java Server Faces (JSF) is a Java framework designed for creating user interfaces for web applications. It follows MVC architecture and simplifies the UI construction for server-based apps by using reusable UI components. JSF is known for its stability and clear separation between application logic and representation, making it suitable for creating native applications.

Advantages of JSF:

* Provides various tools to create elegant UI.
* An integral part of Java EE.
* Enables extending existing backend Java code with a web interface without changing the base application.

Vaadin Framework

Vaadin is a popular open source Java framework that enables the creation of HTML5 web user interfaces in Java. Vaadin Flow, its lightweight Java framework, facilitates the communication between the browser and the server, making web development simple. Other advantages include the ability to bind data using MVC or MVP, use of Java and HTML for building views, WebSocket support, support for JVM languages such as Kotlin and Scala, and compatibility with the Spring framework.

Blade Framework

Blade is a Java 8-based web framework inspired by frameworks like Express, Flask, and Macaron. It aims to be self-contained, productive, elegant, intuitive, and fast. Blade has a restful routing interface that makes web APIs cleaner and easy to understand. It also has a built-in web server and template engine.

Blade is ideal for developing MVC-based web applications quickly. It supports plug-in extensions, web jar resources, and configuration in multiple files. Blade also provides protection against CSRF and XSS attacks.

Grails Framework Overview


Grails is a dynamic framework that works on the Java platform using the Groovy programming language. It is compatible with Java syntax and can integrate with Java technologies such as Spring, SiteMesh, Java EE containers, Hibernate, and Quartz.

Grails follows the “coding by convention” principle, which provides a standalone development environment with detailed documentation and hides configuration details.

Developers can create their own plugins and include Grails IDE support for various platforms, making it extremely developer-friendly.

Grails offers several advantages, such as easy intermixing of both Groovy and Java code, simple object mapping features, and flexible profiles.

Essential JAVA Frameworks to Know in 2023

This article has highlighted some essential JAVA frameworks that developers should know in 2023. These frameworks, coupled with Java libraries, can enhance the Software Development process and save developers valuable time. Utilizing these frameworks in day-to-day work can be beneficial, and the vast community of developers supporting them is readily available to help. Therefore, it is recommended that Software Development Enthusiasts learn about Java Frameworks.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

// No code provided as the given text does not contain any code to optimize.
// Please provide the relevant code to optimize.

Here are some common questions and answers for your reference:

  • Q: What is your return policy?
  • A: We offer a 30-day return policy for all products.
  • Q: How long does shipping take?
  • A: Shipping typically takes 3-5 business days.
  • Q: What forms of payment do you accept?
  • A: We accept all major credit cards, as well as PayPal and Apple Pay.
  • Q: Do you offer international shipping?
  • A: Yes, we offer international shipping to most countries.
  • Q: Can I track my order?
  • A: Yes, you will receive a tracking number once your order has shipped.

If you have any additional questions or concerns, please contact our customer support team at [email protected].

Best Java Framework: Spring

Out of all the useful frameworks available for Java, Spring is the most widely used and powerful one. It offers a range of helpful features that simplify the development process for developers.

Apache and Java Frameworks

Apache is a robust open-source software that offers various Java frameworks, such as Apache Struts, Apache Wicket, Apache Flex, and more. These frameworks are powerful tools for Java development and can be easily integrated into your project.

Java – Programming Language or Framework?

Java is a programming language, not a framework. However, numerous frameworks are coded in Java.


// Java – Programming Language or Framework?

// Java is a programming language, not a framework.
// However, numerous frameworks are coded in Java.

Java for Back-End Development

Yes, Java is commonly used for developing the back-end of web applications.

Number of Java Frameworks

More than thirty Java frameworks currently exist.

int numOfFrameworks = 30;

How to Learn Java Frameworks?

To learn Java frameworks, it is essential to have a good understanding of the Java programming language. Once you have this foundation, you can start creating projects with various frameworks. By implementing and practicing these frameworks, you will become proficient in using Java frameworks.

Which Java Frameworks to Learn?

The frameworks discussed in this article are widely used in the software industry. It is recommended to learn about them to enhance your skills as a Java developer.


Explore the following resources to learn and improve your Java programming skills:

Top 10 Productivity Tools for Programmers

11 Must-Know Features of Python in 2023 – IQCode

What Will the Quality Assurance Engineer Salary Look Like in 2023 at IQCode?

A Comprehensive Guide to ADO.NET Architecture – Everything You Need to Know – IQCode