Expected Data Engineer Salaries in India for Freshers and Experienced Professionals in 2023 – IQCode

Data Engineering: Salary, Roles, Responsibilities, and Requirements

Discover what data engineering is and the demand for data engineers as well as their salary and how it is determined. Explore the various job roles and responsibilities of data engineers, the requirements for becoming one, and steps for professional growth.

What is Data Engineering?

Data engineering refers to the process of designing, building, testing, and maintaining the architecture and infrastructure for data systems.

Who is a Data Engineer?

A data engineer is a professional who is skilled in developing, constructing, testing, and maintaining the architecture and infrastructure for data systems, as well as in designing and developing the pipelines to bring data from various sources into the system.

What is the Demand for a Data Engineer?

The demand for data engineers is rapidly increasing, with the need for professionals who can manage the collection, storage, and analysis of big data and other types of data systems in various industries and sectors.

Data Engineer Salary

The annual salary of a data engineer in the US ranges from $75,000 to $160,000.

Data Engineer Salary Deciding Factors

1. Database Engineer Salary: Based On Experience

A data engineer’s salary is largely based on their experience, with those having more years of experience earning higher salaries.

2. Database Engineer Salary: Based on Location

A data engineer’s location also affects their salary, as some cities pay more than others due to the cost of living and demand for data engineers.

3. Database Engineer Salary: Based on Skill Set

The salary of a data engineer also heavily relies on their skill set, as having vital skills like big data analytics, data warehousing, and cloud computing can lead to higher salaries.

4. Database Engineer Salary: Based on the Employer

The employer also plays a role in how much a data engineer earns, with large multinational corporations and tech giants offering competitive salaries.

Data Engineer Salary in Other Countries

Data engineer salaries vary by country, with countries in Europe and Canada offering competitive salaries as well.

Data Engineer Job Roles and Responsibilities

Data Engineer Job Roles
1. Generalist

A data engineer who can perform a range of data engineering tasks and has knowledge in various data management tools like ETL and database design.

2. Warehouse-centric

A data engineer who specializes in the designing, building, and maintenance of large-scale data warehouses.

3. Pipeline-centric

A data engineer who specializes in designing and developing the pipelines that aid in bringing data from various sources and into systems.

Data Engineer Responsibilities

The responsibilities of a data engineer include designing, developing, testing, and maintaining data management systems, developing and maintaining the ETL processes, designing and optimizing data pipelines, and assisting data analysts in identifying and analyzing data trends.

Data Engineer Requirements

To become a data engineer, you need to have a bachelor’s degree in computer science, engineering, or a related field, and experience in programming frameworks like Python, SQL, and Java.

How to Become a Data Engineer?

Step 1: Getting the Right Education

You need to pursue a bachelor’s degree in a computer-related field, along with an internship in data management or a related field.

Step 2: Acquire the Skills Required

You need to learn programming languages like Python, SQL, and Java, data management frameworks like Hadoop and Apache Spark, data warehousing, database design, and ETL development.

Step 3: Build Your Portfolio

You need to have practical experience by engaging in projects with increasing complexity. This way, you build your portfolio.

Step 4: Advance Professionally

You can advance to higher positions in your career by taking courses in advanced data engineering skills, attending seminars and conferences, and acquiring further practical experience.


Data engineering is a crucial aspect of the data science field, and data engineers are in high demand for offering the necessary data expertise. Pursuing a career in data engineering requires hard work, dedication, and continuous learning of emerging data technologies.


Q.1: Do Data Engineers code?

Yes, they do. Python and SQL are the most widely used programming languages for data engineering.

Q.2. Do data engineers use Python?

Yes, they do. Python is a widely-used programming language in data engineering due to its ability to automate various tasks, its multiple data libraries, and its user-friendly nature in general.

Q.3: Is Data Engineering in Demand?

Yes, it is. In fact, the demand for data engineers has increased drastically over the years due to the increasing need to manage and analyze vast amounts of data in various fields and industries.

What is Data Engineering?

Data Engineering is the process of creating and developing data systems for efficient data collection and analysis. It combines data management with engineering to design effective and efficient information systems that can be used for strategic and insightful purposes.

Understanding Data Engineers in the US

In the United States, a data engineer is a technical professional responsible for designing a data architecture to meet the needs of data scientists. They extract, store, and transform raw data for analysis and interpretation. Data engineers build algorithms and pipelines to turn data into useful information for businesses.

Simply put, when a company needs to make strategic decisions based on data sets, a data analyst or data scientist works on them. However, a data engineer creates a pipeline to extract data from different sources, build algorithms, and consolidate and cleanse the data.

Storing, processing, and analyzing large sets of data is crucial for businesses. Data engineers are experts who ensure seamless data pipeline by bridging the gap between gathering, storing, processing, and analyzing the data.

Understanding the Demand for Data Engineers

Today, organizations aim to utilize data for growth and development purposes, unravel insights, and make informed decisions. As a result, there is a growing need for data engineers who can store, process, and manage large volumes of data.

A recent survey indicates a significant increase in demand for data engineering positions. The Dice 2020 Tech Job Report reveals a 50% YoY growth in demand for these professionals.

With this in mind, let’s take a closer look at the job responsibilities and duties required for this highly sought-after job position.

Data Engineer Salary in India

A Data Engineer in India earns an average salary of ₹836,443 per annum, with a minimum of ₹368k and a maximum of ₹2 million per annum. Data engineers are in high demand and have a decent pay base, even during the pandemic. The average pay base for a data engineer is affected by factors such as experience, company, job role, location, and skillset. Find more details on the factors influencing the salary of a data engineer in India at [source URL].

Determining Factors for Data Engineer Salary in the US

As a data engineer, several factors can influence your salary in the United States. It’s essential to keep these in mind when negotiating compensation:

- Relevant experience

- Education and certification

- Technical skills

- Industry and company size

By understanding these factors and emphasizing your qualifications, you can maximize your earning potential as a data engineer in the US.

Data Engineer Salary Based on Experience in India

Experience greatly influences the average salary of a data engineer in India, reflecting the individual’s skills, contributions, and industry knowledge. With increasing years of experience and a broader portfolio, data engineers can expect a better pay package. Here are the average base salaries per annum for each experience level:

  • Fresher (>1 year) – ₹457,532
  • Early Career (1-4 years) – ₹720,395
  • Mid Career (5-9 years) – ₹1,294,336
  • Experienced (20+ years) – ₹1,867,992

Refer to the following graph for a better understanding of how experience impacts the data engineer salary in India. Code: [data engineer salary by experience]

Location and Data Engineer Salaries

The salary of a Data Engineer varies depending on the location of the job. Some cities, such as Bangalore and Pune, have a higher demand for Data Engineers than others. This results in a higher average salary offered to Data Engineers in those cities. Here is a list of cities and their corresponding average base salaries per year in INR:

  • Bangalore, Karnataka ₹931,331
  • Pune, Maharashtra ₹861,549
  • Mumbai, Maharashtra ₹729,561
  • Chennai, Tamil Nadu ₹817,425
  • Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh ₹980,530
  • Gurgaon, Delhi ₹987,847
  • New Delhi, Delhi ₹902,317
  • Kolkata, West Bengal ₹524,000
  • Ahmedabad, Gujarat ₹450,000
  • Jaipur, Rajasthan ₹560,000

It is important to note that cities such as Hyderabad, Gurgaon, and Bangalore tend to offer a higher average salary range than cities such as Kolkata, Jaipur, and Ahmedabad. Below are the links for the salary of a Data Engineer in Gurgaon, Hyderabad, Jaipur, and Ahmedabad.

[Data Engineer Salary in Gurgaon]
[Data Engineer Salary in Hyderabad]
[Data Engineer Salary in Jaipur]
[Data Engineer Salary in Ahmedabad]

Data Engineer Salary Based on Skill Set

As a data engineer, possessing the right skills is crucial to the job, and some skills have a more significant impact on salary. For instance, SQL is more valuable than Microsoft Word proficiency. It is important to acquire the right abilities to earn good pay, even as a beginner. Below are some sought-after skills and their average base pay per year in INR:

– SQL – ₹822,524
– Programming Language (Python) – ₹802,380
– ETL (Extract, Transfer, Load) Skills – ₹872,886
– Apache Spark – ₹966,687
– Data Warehousing Skills – ₹900,000
– Hadoop – ₹872,216

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Company-wise Data Engineer Salary in India

This salary of a data engineer highly depends on their employer. The top-tier companies offer better pay structures and job positions to data engineers. Even freshers can expect good salaries at these companies. Some top companies in India hiring data engineers are Amazon Inc, Deloitte, Infosys, etc.

The table below shows the average base salaries of data engineers at these companies in India:

|Amazon India | ₹2,010,525 |
|Deloitte | ₹1,300,000 |
|HCL Technologies Ltd. | ₹975,000 |
|Cognizant | ₹760,353 |
|IBM India Pvt. Ltd. | ₹709,859 |
|Tata Consultancy Service | ₹700,000 |
|Accenture | ₹620,000 |
|Capgemini | ₹620,000 |
|Infosys | ₹513,000 |
|Wipro | ₹516,000 |

Data Source: PayScale.

Average Data Engineer Salary in Different Countries

Here’s a comparison of the average base salary for a data engineer in different countries:

Country Salary per Year
United Kingdom £40,360
United States of America $92,541
Germany €56,531
New Zealand NZ$84,454
Canada C$80,554

Roles and Responsibilities of a Data Engineer

To understand what a data engineer does, it is important to know the functions of data architecture. There are three essential functions:

1. Extraction: This involves gathering data from various sources, including customer feedback and database records. Knowing where to get information is critical.

2. Storing: Managing and storing data is crucial. Data warehouses are used to store data, taking into account factors such as technical capabilities and data models.

3. Transformation: Raw data is difficult to use. The goal is to make the data relevant for interpretation and analysis. Transformation focuses on cleaning the data so end-users can understand it.

Job Roles of a Data Engineer

A data engineer’s role is classified into three categories:

1. Generalist: This role is ideal for beginners and those transitioning to data engineering. A professional in this position should be able to handle everything related to data, including collecting, managing, analyzing, and understanding the technicalities of engineering data analysis systems. This job is often in high demand in small companies that require skills in both engineering and data analysis.

2. Warehouse-centric: Data engineers are responsible for working with databases to create storage. This role focuses on their expertise in working with data warehouses. They work on developing tools and structures to manage big data and connecting it with different types of databases.

3. Pipeline-centric: Data pipeline engineers are responsible for creating a system that manages the flow of data from sources to warehouses. They work with data scientists in developing and maintaining data integration tools for specific or larger tasks, such as data storage points before transformation, known as the data staging area, among others.

Responsibilities of a Data Engineer

As a data engineer, you will be responsible for the following:

  • Designing data platforms
  • Improving existing data structures and pipelines
  • Developing data integration tools
  • Identifying data trends for business goals
  • Managing data and metadata via database systems
  • Ensuring stable and reliable data pipelines
  • Implementing new data extraction and analysis tools
  • Creating efficient algorithms for analysis and interpretation
  • Evaluating business requirements and needs

As a data engineer, you will act as an API, providing the necessary functions and services to support data-driven solutions.

Data Engineer Requirements

A Data Engineer should have:

  • Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Computer Science, Technology or a related field
  • Proficiency in programming languages such as C++, SQL, and Python
  • Knowledge of technical skills such as Apache Spark, Apache Hadoop, and ETL tools
  • Basic understanding of operating systems like Linux, UNIX, and Solaris
  • Clear fundamentals of data structures, data warehousing solutions, and data modeling
  • Prior experience is preferred.
  • Strong communication, collaboration, and problem-solving skills

// Sample code demonstrating use of Apache Spark

How to Become a Data Engineer?

Data Engineering is a rapidly developing field in which demand is high in all sectors and industries. If you’re considering switching careers or starting out as a data engineer, you’ll want to follow the right path to ensure success. Here’s a step-by-step guide to becoming a data engineer:

Importance of Education for Data Engineers

Having the right education is crucial for a career in data engineering. This can include a background in math, statistics, analysis, or a related field. While some companies may not require a specific degree, many prefer candidates with a bachelor’s degree in computer science or data analysis.

However, education is not just about building a resume. It provides fundamental knowledge of the field and a broader perspective on the domain of data engineering. While not compulsory, the right education can greatly benefit aspiring data engineers.

Skills Required to Become a Great Data Engineer

As a data engineer, these skills can help you excel in your career:

1. Programming proficiency in languages like Python, Java, and Scala.
2. Knowledge of automation and scripting using tools like Shell Scripting and Cron.
3. Database proficiency with structured or loosely structured, semi-structured data, and SQL.
4. Proficiency with data processing and warehousing solutions like Spark Streaming and AWS.
5. Data structure and algorithm expertise for data modeling and architecture.
6. Soft skills like communication, presentation, time management, teamwork, and attention to detail.

Data engineering is a blend of data analysis and software engineering, making programming skills essential. Proficiency in automation and scripting can ease your data management workflow. To work with large data sets effectively, learn Spark Streaming and AWS. Expertise in data structures and algorithms can increase speed and efficiency while working on complex code, and soft skills can help you stand out from the crowd.


Once you have acquired the necessary skills and knowledge, waiting for your dream company to approach you is not enough. To get there, start working on small projects and for small startups. This will allow you to gain experience and learn how to work effectively.

Take up freelance projects or intern with various organizations to build your portfolio, gain real-life exposure to the field, and find your specialty.

Advancing Professionally as a Data Engineer in the US

As a data engineer in the US, it is essential to continuously improve your skills and knowledge base, even after you have landed a successful job at a renowned firm. Upskilling yourself takes dedication, commitment, and a desire for growth.

To advance professionally, you can master the skills you already have or take on new skills that make you the best data engineer out there. Keep learning by attending seminars, taking courses, or going to conferences.

Remember that this roadmap is not comprehensive but offers a guide for you to begin your career as a data engineer. By continuously upskilling, you can increase your chances of professional success in the US.

# code for advancing professionally can be added here

Keep upskilling and growing as a professional!

Becoming a Data Engineer: An Exciting and Lucrative Career Choice

Data engineering is an in-demand field that combines software engineering and data analysis. With high salaries and numerous job opportunities available, it is an excellent career choice to consider. Begin developing the necessary skills today so you can take advantage of this thriving industry.

Do Data Engineers Code?

Data Engineers may not code as extensively as programmers, but they do require proficiency in programming languages for tasks such as building data infrastructure and developing data models. Proficiency in SQL is required for managing databases, and knowledge of programming languages such as Python, Java, and DSA is necessary for machine learning. Thus, understanding the basics of these languages will help Data Engineers excel.

Do Data Engineers Utilize Python?

Yes, data engineers use Python for designing and developing data architecture for data scientists.

Is Data Engineering in Demand?

Yes, data engineers are in high demand by major companies such as Amazon, Deloitte, HCL, and TCS.

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