Interview Questions for Genpact Recruitment 2023 | IQCode.

About Genpact

As a promising Software Engineer in today's world, one would always desire to work for companies that believe in their products and strive to create a significant impact on the world. One such company that meets this criteria is Genpact.

Genpact is a global professional services firm that assists businesses in their transformation journey. The name Genpact stands for Generating Impact. They drive innovation with a focus on digital and intelligent operations, with their ultimate goal being to make the world a better place. Genpact's vast experience in operating and transforming thousands of processes across multiple organizations worldwide, including many Fortune 500 companies, makes them a leader in driving real-world transformation. They use design thinking to solve problems, dream digitally, and leverage data and analytics to create solutions.

Their operations span across New York to New Delhi and thirty other countries. Genpact provides a fantastic working environment and a welcoming atmosphere for personal and professional growth, making it an excellent place for new hires to kickstart their careers. The fast-paced development environment at Genpact offers ample opportunities for Software Engineers to learn cutting-edge technologies in a short time. With legacy code bases for their products and ongoing projects using the latest technologies, working at Genpact is exceptionally beneficial for Software Engineers looking for exciting projects with a great impact on society.

This article not only explains how to respond to common interview questions but also provides a roadmap for both experienced and entry-level Software Engineers to land their ideal job at Genpact. The entire recruitment process is explained in detail, along with frequently asked questions about the Genpact Recruitment Process.

Genpact Recruitment Process

1. Eligibility Criteria. Code - No changes required.

Interview Process

The interview process typically involves several stages of evaluation, including phone or video interviews, in-person interviews, and possibly assessments or skills tests. The purpose of the interviews is to assess the candidate's qualifications, experience, and fit for the position and company culture. It is important for both the candidate and the employer to communicate effectively and have a clear understanding of job requirements and expectations. The interview process may also include background checks, reference checks, and negotiations of salary and benefits.

//sample code for scheduling interview

var interviewSchedule = { date: '2021-07-15', time: '2:00 PM', location: 'Zoom', interviewer: { name: 'John Doe', email: '[email protected]', phone: '555-555-5555' }, candidate: { name: 'Jane Smith', email: '[email protected]', phone: '555-555-1234' } };

Genpact Technical Interview Questions for Freshers and Experienced

One common question asked in technical interviews is to list different types of operating systems and provide examples. Some examples of operating systems are:

  • Microsoft Windows (Examples are Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows 7, etc.)
  • Apple macOS (Examples are macOS Big Sur, Catalina, Mojave, etc.)
  • Linux (Examples are Ubuntu, CentOS, Fedora, etc.)
  • Unix (Examples are Solaris, HP-UX, AIX, etc.)
  • Android (Mobile operating system)
  • iOS (Mobile operating system)

It's important to research and understand the features and functionalities of each operating system when preparing for technical interviews.

Different Types of Real-Time Operating Systems

Real-time operating systems (RTOS) can be categorized into four different types:

1. Hard Real-Time Operating Systems: These operating systems provide fixed and guaranteed response time to critical events. Failure to meet the deadlines can result in a catastrophic outcome. These systems are commonly found in safety-critical applications such as aviation, medical equipment, and defense systems.

2. Firm Real-Time Operating Systems: Firm real-time operating systems provide a high probability of meeting the deadline for critical events. However, occasional delays are considered tolerable. These systems can be used in industrial automation, vehicle control systems, and multimedia applications.

3. Soft Real-Time Operating Systems: Soft real-time operating systems prioritize real-time tasks but do not guarantee a response time. Delays are tolerable, and the system can recover from missed deadlines. These systems are typically found in desktop computers, mobile phones, and other consumer electronics.

4. Hybrid Real-Time Operating Systems: Hybrid real-time operating systems combine the characteristics of hard, firm, and soft real-time operating systems. They can cater to different types of applications ranging from safety-critical systems to consumer electronics.

Understanding Threads in Operating Systems

In operating systems, threads are essentially lightweight processes that allow for concurrent execution of multiple tasks within a single process. Each thread has its own stack and program counter, but shares resources such as memory and file descriptors with other threads in the same process. This allows for more efficient use of system resources compared to creating multiple processes for each task. Threads can run in parallel on multi-core processors, improving performance and responsiveness of applications. However, managing threads introduces additional complexity to the programming process, as they need to synchronize access to shared resources to prevent data corruption or concurrency issues. Proper implementation of thread management is crucial to ensuring the stability and effectiveness of operating systems and their applications.

Advantages of Threads over Processes

Threads are lightweight and provide advantages over processes in certain situations.

  • Threads share the same memory space as the parent process and can communicate with other threads more easily than with processes.
  • Context switching between threads is faster than between processes.
  • CPU utilization is improved as processes can take advantage of parallelism within a single CPU.
  • Creation and cleanup of threads is faster than processes.
  • Threads can better handle I/O-bound tasks as they can continue execution while waiting for I/O operations to complete.

Therefore, using threads can improve the performance and efficiency of certain applications, particularly those that involve a lot of I/O or require parallelism within a single CPU.

Understanding Multithreading in Operating Systems

Multithreading is a programming concept in operating systems that allows multiple threads of execution to run concurrently within a single process. Each thread shares resources with other threads within the same process, such as memory and file handles. This improves system efficiency as threads can be executed simultaneously on different CPU cores.

Multithreading can provide several benefits, such as improved responsiveness and faster execution times for applications. However, it can also introduce new challenges, such as race conditions and deadlocks, which need to be carefully managed to ensure correct program behavior.

To implement multithreading, operating systems provide features such as thread creation, synchronization primitives, and scheduling algorithms. These features allow threads to communicate with each other and coordinate their actions, enabling them to work together towards a common goal.

Advantages and Disadvantages of User Level Threads

User level threads provide some advantages, such as:

  • Improved concurrency: User level threads can allow for multiple threads within a process to run concurrently, potentially improving overall performance.
  • Greater control: User level threads provide the programmer with more control over scheduling and other thread management tasks.
  • Portability: User level threads are portable across different types of operating systems.

However, user level threads also have some disadvantages, including:

  • No true parallelism: User level threads are not truly parallel because they are implemented within a single process and share the same resources.
  • Inefficient I/O handling: User level threads can lead to inefficient I/O handling since the entire process is blocked when one thread is blocked.
  • Increased complexity: User level threads add complexity to programming as developers must implement their own thread management and synchronization.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Kernel Level Threads

Kernel Level Threads have the following benefits:

  • Kernel Level Threads have better performance, as the operating system can schedule and manage threads more efficiently at the kernel level.
  • Kernel Level Threads provide more control to the developer as they have direct access to the operating system's threading services.
  • Kernel Level Threads are more stable as the failure of one thread in a process will not cause the entire process to fail.

However, Kernel Level Threads also have the following drawbacks:

  • Kernel Level Threads are more complex and harder to implement than User Level Threads as they require access to the operating system's kernel.
  • Kernel Level Threads are not as portable as User Level Threads as they rely on the operating system's specific thread implementation.
  • Kernel Level Threads can be less efficient with small and lightweight applications as the overhead of using the kernel can actually be more than the work the thread is doing.

Concept and Types of Data Independence

Data Independence refers to the ability to modify the schema (structure) of a database without altering the applications that rely on it. This enables separation between the logical and physical aspects of a database and allows for changes to be made without impacting the functionality of existing programs.

There are two types of data independence:

1. Physical Data Independence: This refers to the ability to modify the physical storage structure of the database without affecting the schema. For example, adding a new index or changing the storage mechanism from disk to memory will not require changes to the schema.

2. Logical Data Independence: This refers to the ability to modify the schema without affecting the applications that rely on it. For example, changing a field name or data type will not require changes to the programs using that field.

Maintaining data independence is important for managing large, complex databases over time. By separating the logical and physical aspects of the database, modifications can be made more easily and with fewer consequences.


In database management systems, database objects refer to the elements or components that make up a database. These objects include tables, views, indexes, constraints, stored procedures, triggers, and more. Each object serves a specific purpose and is used to organize and manage data within the database. For instance, tables are used to store data in rows and columns, while views provide a virtual representation of the data for easier access. Constraints are used to enforce rules on the data to maintain its integrity, and stored procedures and triggers allow for automation of certain tasks. Understanding and effectively utilizing these database objects is crucial for efficient database management.

Benefits of Using Views in a Database Management System

Views are virtual tables in a database management system that provide several benefits, such as:

  1. Simplified Data Access: Views simplify the act of retrieving data by allowing users to access only the data they need, thus reducing data complexity and increasing convenience.
  2. Data Security: Views provide a level of data security by allowing access to only specific columns of a table, thereby controlling data exposure and preventing unauthorized modifications.
  3. Improved Performance: Views provide performance improvements by reducing the amount of data that needs to be processed or accessed. They also provide the opportunity to pre-join tables or pre-filter data, which can significantly improve query performance.
  4. Data Abstraction: Views provide data abstraction, which allows users to access data without needing to know its underlying physical structure. This makes it easier to change the database schema without affecting application code.
  5. Code Reusability:Views can be used to create reusable routines that can be incorporated into multiple queries, thereby reducing the effort required to write complex queries.
Overall, views are a valuable tool in a database management system that provides enhanced functionality and convenience to the users.

Understanding the Concept of Data Warehousing

Data warehousing involves the process of collecting, storing, and managing data from various sources to support business intelligence and decision-making processes. Data warehouses are designed to handle large volumes of data and provide easy access to information in a format that is efficient and intuitive for end users. The data is typically organized into subject areas for reporting and analysis, allowing users to quickly find the information they need. Data warehousing helps organizations to gain valuable insights into their operations, identify trends and patterns, and make informed decisions based on the data. It plays a critical role in business analytics and is an essential tool for any organization that wants to leverage the power of data to improve their performance and achieve their goals.

Understanding the Entity Relationship (ER) Model in Database Management Systems

The ER model is a conceptual data modeling technique that represents entities, the relationships between them, and attributes of entities. In this model, an entity is a real-world object or concept that has identifiable properties and can be uniquely distinguished from other objects. Entity types refer to a group of entities with similar characteristics or properties, and an entity set is a collection of all entities of a particular entity type in a database.

Understanding Acid Properties in Database Management Systems

ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability) properties are a set of principles that ensure reliability and consistency in database transactions.

Atomicity: Transactions are treated as a whole and are either completed in their entirety or not at all.

Consistency: A transaction will bring the database from one valid state to another, maintaining the integrity of the data.

Isolation: Transactions being executed simultaneously should not interfere with each other, and data should remain consistent across transactions.

Durability: Once a transaction is committed, it is permanently saved in the database and will persist even in the face of power outages, crashes, or other failures.

By ensuring that database transactions follow these principles, ACID properties maintain the reliability and consistency of the data and prevent data loss or corruption.

Definition of Aggregation and Atomicity in Database Management Systems

Aggregation in database management systems refers to the process of combining multiple data elements and objects into a single entity. This entity can then be used to represent complex relationships between data objects in a more simplified manner and make it easier for users to process information. For example, a database might aggregate a customer's personal information, order history, and payment details into a single object.

Atomicity, on the other hand, refers to the property of a database transaction to be indivisible and treat all operations as a single unit of work. This means that either all operations within a transaction must be completed successfully, or none of them will be applied to the database. For instance, when transferring funds from one bank account to another, a transaction that includes debiting the money from the sender's account and crediting it to the recipient's account must be executed atomically to ensure data consistency.

Levels of Data Abstraction in Database Management Systems

In database management systems, there are three levels of data abstraction, which are as follows:

1. Physical Level: This level deals with the way data is stored in the memory. It involves physical storage details including storage structures, file organization, data compression, indexing, etc.

2. Logical Level: This level defines the logical structure of data in a database. It includes defining tables, views, relationships, keys, etc. The logical level bridges the gap between the physical level and the conceptual level.

3. Conceptual Level: This is the highest level of abstraction and defines the overall view of the database. At this level, the entire database is considered as a single unit with its attributes, relations, and constraints. It is independent of various hardware and software components being used.

Using these levels of abstraction in a database management system helps to simplify the complexity of the system by dividing it into manageable levels that can be accessed and understood by different types of users.

Understanding Proactive, Retroactive, and Simultaneous Updates in Database Management Systems

In database management systems, there are three types of updates: proactive updates, retroactive updates, and simultaneous updates.

Proactive Updates: This type of update involves modifying the data before it is accessed by any application program. In other words, the data is updated in advance.

Retroactive Updates: Retroactive updates occur when the data is updated after it has been accessed by an application program. This type of update is implemented to correct any inconsistencies or errors in the data.

Simultaneous Updates: As the name implies, simultaneous updates occur when two or more users make changes to the same data at the same time. In this case, the DBMS must ensure that all updates are properly managed and that the data remains consistent.

Understanding these three types of updates is important for designing an efficient and effective database management system. By choosing the appropriate type of update for specific database operations, you can ensure that data remains accurate and consistent.

Understanding Intension and Extension in Database Management Systems

Intension and extension are terms often used in database management systems, specifically in the field of semantic modeling. Intension refers to the set of attributes or properties that define a particular concept or entity in the database. On the other hand, extension refers to the actual instances or values that correspond to these attributes.

To illustrate this concept, let's say we have a database for a company's employees. The intension for the "employee" concept would include attributes such as name, age, job title, and salary range. The extension, on the other hand, would be the actual employees themselves, with their individual names, ages, job titles, and salaries.

Understanding intension and extension is crucial for effective database design and querying. By defining clear intensions and organizing extensions properly, database administrators can ensure that queries return accurate and insightful results.

Definition and Usage of Index Hunting in Database Management Systems

Index hunting refers to the process of analyzing the performance of indexes in a database to improve query performance. It is a technique used by database administrators to identify indexes that are not being used or are being used inefficiently.

Indexes are used to speed up database queries by creating a data structure that allows the database to quickly find the required information. However, not all indexes are useful and some may even slow down the database performance. Index hunting helps database administrators to identify the indexes that are not being used and can be safely removed to optimize database performance.

The process of index hunting involves analyzing the execution plans of queries, reviewing the statistics of indexes, and identifying the indexes that are not being used or are not providing any performance benefit. The unnecessary indexes can be dropped, and the useful indexes can be reorganized or rebuilt to improve their performance.

By regularly performing index hunting, database administrators can ensure that the database is running at optimal performance levels, providing efficient and fast access to data.

Understanding Transactions in SQL and their Properties

In SQL, a transaction refers to a sequence of database operations that is treated as a single logical unit of work. Transactions ensure that each operation in the sequence is completed successfully, otherwise, none of the operations will be committed to the database.

Transactions have four key properties, which are commonly referred to as the ACID properties:

1. Atomicity: This property ensures that all the operations in a transaction are treated as a single unit of work. If any operation in the transaction fails, the entire transaction is rolled back and the database is returned to its previous state. 2. Consistency: This property ensures that the transaction brings the database from one valid state to another. It ensures that data is always maintained in a valid state. 3. Isolation: This property ensures that multiple transactions can be executed concurrently without interfering with each other. Each transaction sees the database in a consistent state, regardless of the order in which transactions are executed. 4. Durability: This property ensures that once a transaction is committed, its changes are permanent and will survive system failures.

Understanding these properties is crucial for developing robust and reliable database applications that can handle complex business logic and maintain the integrity of the data.

Defining Subqueries in SQL

In SQL, a subquery is a query within another query.

For example, given a table of employees, we can use a subquery to find all employees with salaries greater than five thousand using the following SQL query:

    SELECT * 
    FROM employees 
    WHERE salary > (
        SELECT 5000

In this query, the subquery is used to find the salary threshold, which is then compared to the salaries of each employee in the outer query.

This query will return all employees with salaries greater than five thousand.

Benefits of Using C++ Language

C++ is a powerful and efficient language with several benefits, including:

  1. High performance: C++ compiles directly to machine code and offers low-level memory manipulation, making it ideal for applications that require high performance.

  2. Object-oriented programming (OOP): C++ supports OOP, which makes it easy to organize code and create reusable components.

  3. Platform independence: C++ code can be run on different platforms without any changes if the code is properly written with portability in mind.

  4. Compatibility with other languages: C++ can be used with other languages like C, Java, and Python, making it a versatile language for developers to use.

  5. Community support: C++ has a large and active developer community, providing access to a wealth of resources, libraries, and tools.

In summary, C++ is a widely used language that offers high performance, excellent support for OOP and platform independence, and compatibility with other languages.

Pros and Cons of Object Oriented Programming Languages

Object-oriented programming (OOP) languages have their advantages and disadvantages that should be considered when choosing a programming language.


1. OOP promotes reusability of codes, making it easier to maintain and modify software systems. 2. OOP languages allow for better organization and encapsulation of data, which leads to easier maintainability and flexibility of the code. 3. OOP provides strong security as data is hidden from other modules, making it less prone to interference and data theft. 4. OOP supports inheritance, which aids in code reuse and reduces code development time. 5. OOP languages are appropriate for modeling real-world systems.


1. OOP programs can be more complex, leading to longer development times and higher costs. 2. OOP languages can have a steep learning curve for programmers who are used to procedural languages. 3. OOP languages can excessively use system resources, leading to performance issues. 4. OOP programs can be harder to debug and test due to tight coupling of objects. 5. OOP introduces the concept of object instantiation which can lead to memory leakage if not taken care of properly.

Overall, while OOP has its advantages, it's important to consider the complexity and potential performance issues when choosing OOP languages for software development.

Pure Object Oriented Programming Languages

Pure Object Oriented Programming Languages are those programming languages in which every concept is represented as an object with its own state and behavior. Java is not considered a Pure Object Oriented Programming Language because it supports primitive data types which are not objects, and it also has static methods, variables, and blocks which are associated with the class rather than objects. However, Java is considered a mostly Object Oriented Programming Language with features that make it easy to implement object-oriented concepts.

Preparing for a Genpact Job Interview

If you've received an interview invitation from Genpact, congratulations! This is a great opportunity for you. Here are some tips to help you prepare for your interview:

1. Research the company: Before the interview, make sure you know as much as possible about the company. Check out their website, social media profiles, and their mission statement. Familiarize yourself with the company's values and culture.

2. Review the job description: Carefully read the job description to understand what duties and responsibilities are expected of you. This will help you tailor your responses to the interviewer's questions.

3. Practice answering common interview questions: Interviewers commonly ask questions about your work experience, strengths, weaknesses, and career goals. Prepare your answers in advance, but don't sound rehearsed.

4. Dress appropriately: Dress professionally and appropriately for the job you are interviewing for.

5. Be on time: Punctuality is important. Make sure you arrive at least 10-15 minutes early to the location of the interview.

6. Bring a copy of your resume: Bring a copy of your resume and any other important documents, such as references, to the interview.

7. Be confident: Make sure you exude confidence during the interview. This will show the interviewer that you are capable and ready for the job.

8. Follow up: After the interview, send a thank-you email or letter to the interviewer to thank them for their time and consideration.

By following these tips, you will be well-prepared for your Genpact job interview and increase your chances of success.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How to answer the following behavioral question: What do you know about Genpact?

When answering this question, it's important to research the company beforehand and gather information about their history, mission, and values. You could mention any recent developments or notable achievements in their industry as well. Also, highlight any personal connections, such as knowing someone who works at Genpact or using their services. It's a good idea to weave in how your skills and experience align with the company's vision.

How to Answer the Behavioral Question: Why do You Want to Join Genpact?

When answering the question of why you want to join Genpact, it's important to convey your enthusiasm for the company and align your skills and experience with their values and mission. You might want to start by researching the company's history, current projects, and industry presence to demonstrate your knowledge and interest in the organization.

Then, you can highlight specific aspects of Genpact that interest you, such as their reputation for innovation, their commitment to diversity and inclusion, or their focus on customer satisfaction. Try to tie these qualities into your own experience and career goals, indicating how you can contribute to and benefit from the company's culture.

Finally, it's always a good idea to practice your answer and come prepared with specific examples and anecdotes that illustrate your qualifications and passion for the job. Overall, the key is to show the interviewer that you are a good fit for Genpact and eager to become a part of their team.

Tips for Answering Behavioral Question: Explain Your Strengths and Weaknesses

When answering the behavioral question "Explain all your strengths and weaknesses", it's important to approach it with honesty and self-awareness.

First, for strengths, choose a few that are relevant to the job you are applying for and have examples to back them up. For example, if you're applying for a sales position, you could mention your strong communication and persuasion skills.

Second, for weaknesses, mention one or two areas where you can improve, but also offer ways in which you are actively working on these weaknesses. This shows that you can be self-critical and are eager to grow and develop.

Overall, be confident and honest in your response, and use it as an opportunity to showcase your self-awareness and motivation for self-improvement.

Is the Genpact interview easy?

Answering this question definitively is difficult because the difficulty of an interview can vary depending on the individual's qualifications and experience, as well as the requirements and expectations of the employer. However, it is always a good idea to thoroughly prepare for any interview by researching the company and position, practicing common interview questions, and being able to articulate your skills and experience effectively. This can help you feel more confident and perform better in the interview, regardless of its perceived difficulty.

// Possible additional tip: Consulting with individuals who have previously interviewed for positions at Genpact may provide insight into the types of questions and expectations that are typically encountered.

Is Genpact a good company for freshers?

Genpact can be a great company for freshers as it provides opportunities to work with global clients and gain experience in various industries. However, it also depends on the individual's skills, interests, and career aspirations. It is advisable to research and understand the job roles and expectations before applying to Genpact or any other company.When asked why I am qualified for this position, I would highlight my relevant experience, education, and skills that make me a strong fit for the role. Specifically, I would emphasize my accomplishments in similar positions, my ability to quickly learn and adapt to new environments, and my dedication to achieving excellent results. Additionally, I would mention any certifications or specialized training that demonstrate my expertise in the field. Ultimately, I believe that my qualifications and enthusiasm make me an ideal candidate for this position.

Salary for a Fresher at Genpact

Inquire about the salary of an entry-level employee at Genpact.


No code provided as this is not a programming task.

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