Salaries for Software Engineers/Developers in India in 2023 – A Comprehensive Guide for Freshers and Experienced Professionals – IQCode

Overview of Software Engineering and Developer Jobs

This article provides an overview of software engineering and developer jobs, including job roles and responsibilities, popular skills required, qualifications, salary determining factors, top companies that hire software engineers, and career options. It also gives answers to frequently asked questions and additional resources for those interested in pursuing a software engineering career.

The job roles discussed in this article include front-end developer, back-end developer, full-stack developer, quality assurance engineer, and security engineer. Popular skills required include data structures and algorithms, programming languages, source control software, databases, operating systems, and networking. Salary determining factors include experience, location, employer, and skillset.

Software Engineer Salaries in India and Other Countries

As we continue to advance in the digital age, software engineers have become highly sought after for their creativity and technical skills. They are responsible for programming everything from smartphones to spacecraft. Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, software engineering was a well-paid career, but the rapid spread of technology has made it an even more lucrative field.

If you’re a skilled programmer and enjoy problem-solving, becoming a software engineer could be the right career for you. In this article, we’ll provide a detailed guide to software engineering salaries in India and other countries. Our discussion will cover the following points:

Software Engineer vs Software Developer

In the tech industry, the terms software engineer and software developer are often used interchangeably, but they do have distinct differences in their roles.

Software engineers utilize principles of software engineering for designing, developing, testing, and evaluating software. They use a systematic approach and scientific methods to identify solutions to challenges.

Software developers not only provide the code for software development, but also document features, evaluate concepts, and design and optimize programs. They work closely with other experts during product creation.

While there are differences, the functions of a software engineer and software developer often overlap. Software engineers contribute to the development of software functionalities, while developers map out programming processes and integrate them into bigger programs or features.

Average Software Engineer/Developer Salary in India

According to IQCode, a software engineer in India can earn an average of ₹0.8M per year. The software development industry in India has rapidly grown since the 1990s, resulting in several career opportunities, with Software Engineering being the top position. The average salary for Software Engineers in India continues to rise due to the increasing competition between companies. India is now the world’s top software engineering hub, with many certified and trained Software Engineers who are versatile and competent in various roles in the industry.

Software Engineer/Developer Job Roles and Responsibilities

Software engineering is a diverse field with various job roles that depend on the complexity of the application. Different software engineers work in distinct engineering functions. Here are some of the most common software engineering job roles:

- Full-Stack Developer
- Backend Developer
- Frontend Developer
- Mobile Developer
- Security Engineer
- QA Automation Engineer
- DevOps Engineer
- Data Engineer
- Machine Learning Engineer

Front-end developers are software engineers who specialize in developing user interfaces (UIs). Their primary focus is on cross-browser compatibility and fixing any bugs to deliver a visually appealing user interface. They develop code that works seamlessly across different devices, browsers, and operating systems. Their work also involves creating responsive applications.

Back-End Developers

Back-end developers are software engineers specialized in the logic and performance of applications. Their primary role is to design and implement the underlying logic while ensuring scalability. They achieve this through the use of APIs, which facilitate their interaction with data systems, caches, and email systems. Back-end developers are instrumental in the creation of various APIs.


A full-stack developer is someone who is skilled in both front-end and back-end web development. They are capable of creating complete and functional web applications.

Quality Assurance Engineer

Quality Assurance Engineers write, test, evaluate, and maintain software to ensure the development team creates consistently high-quality code. They develop and implement standards and procedures to guarantee code that is efficient and functional.

Security Engineer

A security engineer is a specialized software engineer who ensures the security of a software system. They develop techniques and procedures to identify and fix security issues, often working as ethical hackers to test for vulnerabilities.

In addition to security engineers, there are software engineers who specialize in other technical tasks. However, all software engineers aim to provide a seamless user experience for their program.

Popular Skills Required to Become a Software Engineer/Developer

Aspiring software engineers/developers in the USA should acquire the following critical skills:

- Proficiency in programming languages such as Python, Java, and C++
- Knowledge of software development methodologies such as Agile and Scrum
- Familiarity with database management systems like MySQL and MongoDB
- Ability to work with version control systems like Git
- Understanding of data structures and algorithms
- Experience in web development using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

By mastering these skills, one can kick-start their journey to becoming a professional software engineer/developer.

Importance of Data Structures & Algorithms in Software Development

Understanding data structures and algorithms is highly valued by most organizations when evaluating problem-solving and coding skills. It is a crucial skill for becoming a successful software engineer or developer as it helps to organize and manipulate data efficiently to solve real-world problems.

Therefore, it is essential to learn and practice various data structures and algorithms to improve your problem-solving skills and increase your chances of success in the software industry.

Programming Languages

To pursue a career as a software engineer or developer, it is vital to have a strong grasp of at least one of the following programming languages:

  • Java
  • Python
  • C++


Source control tools help developers manage and store their code. Most organizations now require developers who are proficient in version control systems like Git and can collaborate with team members.

// Some example code here


Working with databases is a crucial skill for developers, as it involves operations like creating, inserting, updating, and deleting records. A solid grasp of databases is essential for building any type of business application or software. As a beginner, it’s important to familiarize yourself with basic SQL queries.

Importance of Operating Systems and Networking Skills for Software Engineers

As a software engineer, you should have a basic understanding of operating systems and networking. You may encounter issues related to memory storage or tool conflicts while working on projects, and your knowledge of OS concepts can help you solve these problems. It is also essential to understand how your application works on different server models. Strengthening your OS and networking skills can help you become a better software engineer.

Required Qualifications for a Software Engineer

A Software Engineer should have the following basic qualifications:

  • Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Computer Science, IT, or a related field
  • Proficiency in at least one programming language such as Java, C++, or Python, as well as object-oriented design skills
  • Understanding of data structures and algorithms
  • Strong analytical and reasoning skills

// Example of how to check for a Software Engineer’s qualifications:

class SoftwareEngineer {
constructor(education, programmingLanguage, dataStructures, analyticalSkills) { = education;
this.programmingLanguage = programmingLanguage;
this.dataStructures = dataStructures;
this.analyticalSkills = analyticalSkills;

meetsQualifications() {
// check if the required qualifications are met
if ( === ‘Bachelor’ || === ‘Master’) {
if (this.programmingLanguage === ‘Java’ || this.programmingLanguage === ‘C++’ || this.programmingLanguage === ‘Python’) {
if (this.dataStructures && this.analyticalSkills) {
return true;
return false;

let john = new SoftwareEngineer(‘Master’, ‘Java’, true, true);
console.log(john.meetsQualifications()); // true

Factors Affecting the Salary of a Software Engineer in the US

As a software engineer’s salary can vary, several factors contribute to it. Some of the crucial factors influencing a software engineer’s salary in the US are mentioned below:

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– Education level and degree obtained by the engineer
– Years of experience in the tech industry
– Proficiency in programming languages and development tools
– Technical skills and knowledge
– The level of responsibility in the organization
– The industry and location of work
– Negotiation skills of the engineer

Software Engineer Salary by Experience

Experience Salary
Less than 1 year $1.2M/year
1-4 years $1.5M/year
5-9 years $2.3M/year
10-19 years $3.2M/year

Source: IQCODE

Salary Comparison of Software Engineers in India by Location

The table below displays the differences in the salaries of Software Engineers in India based on the location of their job.

  Location       |     % Comparison by National Average
  Bangalore      |               18% ▲
  Pune           |               3% ▼
  Chennai        |               9% ▼
  Hyderabad      |               5% ▲
  Mumbai         |               8% ▼
  Noida          |               9% ▼
  New Delhi      |               10% ▲

Source: Payscale

Salary Differences between Product and Service-Based Companies

Product-based companies usually offer higher salaries than service-based companies as service firms rely on client budgets to determine project costs and payments. In contrast, product firms pay a fixed salary based on the employee’s skills and experience.

Additionally, Indian employees in product-based companies typically earn higher salaries than service-based companies. While working for a product-based company allows an individual to use their core skills, working for a service-based company involves exploring various skill sets.

Required Technical Skills for Software Developers

As an aspiring software developer, skills in programming languages like Java, Python, PHP, Ruby, JavaScript, C++, Node.js, and Laravel are crucial. While proficiency in a particular language like C may be impressive, those with experience in Java or Python are in higher demand in the market and may be prioritized.

A software developer’s salary is influenced by the above factors, and those with knowledge of web technologies may have an advantage over those who specialize in less popular topics.

Companies recruit from college campuses and consider communication, electronics, and electrical students with basic programming abilities in C, C++, or Java. However, lacking a computer science background may result in lower pay offers.### Top Companies Hiring Software Engineers in India

According to Payscale data, Tata Consultancy Services Limited, HCL Technologies Ltd., and Accenture are the top three companies hiring for software engineer roles in India. Cisco Systems Inc. offers the highest reported salary with an average compensation of ₹1,273,520/year. Accenture and Accenture Technology Solutions also pay well, with salaries of ₹5,02,372/annum and ₹4,66,577/annum respectively. On the other hand, Capgemini offers the lowest salary of around ₹340,472/year. Tech Mahindra Ltd. and HCL Technologies Ltd. pay at the lower end of the range, at ₹385,928/year and ₹398,686/year respectively. Other top hiring companies are SAP, Google, Microsoft, Persistent Systems (India), and Robert Bosch India.

Salary Range for Software Engineer/Developer in India

Below is a list of popular job titles for Software Engineer/Developer in India, along with their average annual salaries:

Job Title Average Salary (per year)
Senior Software Engineer INR 9,55,727
Software Developer INR 5,05,143
Senior Software Engineer/Developer/Programmer INR 9,08,907
Software Engineer/Developer/Programmer INR 4,94,107
Web Developer INR 3,10,587
Associate Software Engineer INR 4,24,365
Lead Software Engineer INR 15,14,039
Java Developer INR 4,59,055


Comparison of Software Engineer/Developer Salaries in Different Countries

In the United States, the average annual salary for a software engineer is $78,501. Meanwhile, in the United Kingdom, a software developer earns around £31,033 per year.

Source: Payscale.

Career Options for Software Developers

Software development is a vast field that offers a plethora of career options. As a software engineer, it’s essential to be aware of the employment prospects available. Below are some potential job roles:

-Full Stack Developer

-Data Scientist

-Mobile Developer

-Web Developer

Each position comes with unique challenges; therefore, it’s crucial to decide which job aligns best with one’s interests, skills, and experience. Keep exploring to find your dream job in the software development field.

Mobile Engineer

Mobile engineers are responsible for developing applications for smartphones and other mobile devices. These applications, which include voice recorders, music players, and more, require close collaboration with designers and attention to detail in every pixel. Mobile engineers specialize in platforms like Android and iOS.

Cybersecurity Engineer

As data breaches become more common, many companies are taking steps to protect their goods and services from potential attacks.

Game Development: A Passionate Career

Game developers write the code for the games we love playing on different platforms. They specialize in game engines such as Unity, Unreal Engine, CryEngine, and others. The use of diverse gaming frameworks offers the ability to create new games for various platforms. If you enjoy video games, sketching, 3D graphics programming, working with graphics or animation, this could be the perfect fit for you.

A game developer’s pay is determined by their skills, experience, and contribution to the company. In India, software developers earn some of the highest salaries in the country. Your skills and experience set your worth, along with the city you live in.

Average Software Engineer Salary in India

A software engineer in India earns an average annual salary of INR 5,59,899.

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Engineering Branch with the Highest Salary

In the current job market, Computer Engineering is the most lucrative branch of engineering for both experienced professionals and recent graduates.

Salary of a Computer Science Engineer in India

On average, a computer science engineer in India earns INR 589,581 per year.

How Difficult Is it to Become a Software Engineer?

Becoming a software engineer requires a certain level of skill, which may come naturally to some and need to be learned by others. With the right aptitude, the job can be easy and enjoyable. You can obtain the necessary skills by attending a boot camp, earning a computer science degree, or self-teaching.

Average Salary of Software Engineers/Developers in India

In India, software engineers/developers earn an average salary of 0.8 million rupees per year.

Why do software developers earn high salaries?

Software developers are in high demand due to the increasing need for technology in our daily lives. Their skills are essential for creating the numerous applications, websites, and software we use. As a result, they command high salaries as they are a valuable commodity in the internet era.

Software Engineer Salary in the USA

The average salary for a software engineer in the USA is $78,501 per year.

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Additional Resources

A list of resources related to software engineering and development:

Top 10 Productivity Tools for Programmers

Top 10 Python Libraries: The Ultimate Guide for 2023 – IQCode

Calculating the GCD of Two Numbers with Examples in C, Python, and Java – IQCode

Exploring the Detailed Architecture of Apache Spark – A Comprehensive Guide by IQCode