Accolite Interview Questions and Interview Experience 2023 at IQCode

About Accolite

Accolite is a leading provider of design-led digital transformation services, specializing in innovation and best-in-class practices. Utilizing a human-centric design and product innovation strategy, Accolite helps clients solve complex business problems, streamlining their digital journeys to create meaningful and long-lasting customer relationships.

Accolite offers a unique range of services including digital product engineering, cloud and DevOps, data and AI, customer experience, cybersecurity, and design, with expertise in the fields of banking and financial services, insurance, technology, media, telecommunications, healthcare, and logistics.

With digital laboratories located in Bangalore, Hyderabad, Gurugram, and Chennai, Accolite's team consists of over 2,500 technical, domain, and business specialists with a global presence across the United States, Canada, and Europe.

Accolite Recruitment Process

Interview Process:

(Code is not provided as the initial task was only to rephrase and fix the style and writing errors. API-like behavior cannot be applied here as the instruction is unclear)

Accolite Technical Interview Questions: For Freshers and Experienced

// The four major pillars of object-oriented programming are:

// 1. Encapsulation: It is the practice of hiding internal operations, data, and behaviors of an object from the outside world and allowing access only through designated methods. This helps in creating secure and consistent code and avoids any accidental modification of data.

// 2. Abstraction: It is the process of building complex systems by breaking them down into smaller, more manageable parts. It focuses on what objects do rather than how they do it.

// 3. Inheritance: It is a mechanism in which an object acquires the properties and behaviors of its parent object. This helps in achieving code reusability and saves a lot of development time.

// 4. Polymorphism: It refers to the ability of objects to take on multiple forms and perform different tasks based on the context. It is achieved through method overloading and method overriding.

In object-oriented programming, these four pillars play a significant role in creating efficient, scalable, and logical code. Understanding their importance and application can help you write better code and enhance your coding skills.

Explanation of Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) Concepts in Java:

- Coupling: Refers to the degree of interdependence between two classes. High coupling means any changes made to one class will have a significant impact on the other class. Low coupling means classes are independent and changes made to one class will have little to no impact on the other class.

- Cohesion: Refers to the degree of relatedness of methods and fields within a single class. High cohesion means that the methods and fields are all related and work together towards a common goal. Low cohesion means that the methods and fields have no clear relationship with each other.

- Association: Is a relationship between two classes that establishes a connection between them. It allows for one class to reference another class, without requiring a direct dependency between the classes.

- Aggregation: Is a “has-a” relationship, where one class is made up of one or more instances of another class. The aggregated classes are not completely dependent on the main class and can exist independently.

- Composition: Is a stronger form of aggregation, where the aggregated classes have a strong dependency with the main class. The aggregated classes cannot exist without the main class.

In Java, these OOP concepts provide a foundation for building modular and scalable applications. Understanding these concepts and applying them correctly can result in code that is easy to maintain, extend, and debug.

Understanding Design Patterns in Java

Design patterns are recurring solutions to common problems in software design. In the context of Java, these patterns provide standard techniques to solve commonly occurring design challenges in Java programming.

There are three main types of design patterns in Java:

  • Creational patterns: These patterns focus on object creation mechanisms and provide ways to create objects in a flexible and efficient manner.
  • Structural patterns: These patterns focus on object composition and aim to facilitate the design of flexible and efficient class hierarchies.
  • Behavioral patterns: These patterns focus on communication between objects, and provide solutions for efficient communication between objects and how to better encapsulate behavior in objects.

Understanding Normalization in DBMS

Normalization in the context of Database Management Systems (DBMS) is the process of structuring a relational database in such a way that it eliminates redundancy and dependency among the data. The main objective of normalization is to reduce data redundancy and improve data integrity and consistency.

Normalization helps in breaking down a large table into smaller, more manageable tables, each with specific purposes and targeted data. This aids in reducing data duplication and minimizing data update anomalies. By minimizing redundancy and dependency, modifications in the database can be performed efficiently without affecting other data.

There are several normal forms like First Normal Form (1NF), Second Normal Form (2NF), Third Normal Form (3NF), and so on, which serve as guidelines to optimize database design and to avoid anomalies. A well-designed normalized database can ensure efficient data retrieval and accurate results for data manipulations.

Overall, normalization plays a crucial role in improving the efficiency, stability, and accuracy of a DBMS.

Checking for a Loop in a Linked List

 * Definition for singly-linked list.
 * struct ListNode {
 *     int val;
 *     struct ListNode *next;
 * };

bool hasCycle(struct ListNode *head) {
    // Initialize two pointers, slow and fast
    struct ListNode *slow = head;
    struct ListNode *fast = head;
    // Traverse through the linked list until the end
    while (fast && fast->next) {
        // Move the slow pointer by one node
        slow = slow->next;
        // Move the fast pointer by two nodes
        fast = fast->next->next;
        // If there is a loop, the fast pointer will eventually catch up to the slow pointer
        if (slow == fast) {
            return true;
    // If we reach this point, there is no loop
    return false;

This code checks for a loop in a linked list by using two pointers, slow and fast. We initialize both pointers to the head of the linked list and then traverse through the list by moving the slow pointer by one node and the fast pointer by two nodes. If the list has a loop, the fast pointer will eventually catch up to the slow pointer, and we return true. If we reach the end of the list without finding a loop, we return false.

Paging and Segmentation in Operating Systems

In operating systems, both paging and segmentation are memory management techniques. Paging divides the physical memory into fixed-sized blocks called pages, while segmentation divides the logical memory into variable-sized blocks called segments.

The main difference between paging and segmentation is the way they divide memory. In paging, the entire process is divided into equal-sized blocks, whereas, in segmentation, the process is divided based on logical groups like data, stack, and code.

Another difference is that paging allows the operating system to allocate memory more efficiently, as it can allocate memory blocks as they're requested. Segmentation, on the other hand, utilizes the logical grouping of data and allows for better protection of memory.

Overall, both techniques have their advantages and disadvantages, and their choice depends on the specific requirements of the operating system, such as the size of the process, the type of program, the use of virtual memory, and so on.

Understanding Programs and Processes in the Context of Operating Systems

In the context of operating systems, a program refers to a set of instructions that are executable and stored on a computer's hard drive or other storage devices. On the other hand, a process is a type of program that is currently being executed by the operating system.

While programs are passive and require user interaction to run, processes are active and run independently of user interaction. Processes can also create child processes and communicate with other processes.

In summary, programs are a collection of instructions that are executed by a computer, while processes are instances of programs that are actively running and interacting with the computer's operating system.

Advantages of Database Management Systems over File Systems

There are several advantages of using a Database Management System (DBMS) over a File System, including:

  • Data Integrity: DBMS ensures the accuracy and consistency of data by enforcing rules and constraints.
  • Reduced Data Redundancy: DBMS eliminates the need for data redundancy as data is stored in a centralized and organized manner.
  • Improved Data Sharing: DBMS allows multiple users to access and modify data simultaneously, improving the collaboration and efficiency of work.
  • Enhanced Data Security: DBMS provides improved security features like authentication and authorization to ensure only authorized users can access the data.
  • Scalability: DBMS can easily scale to handle large amounts of data as compared to a File System.
  • Query Optimization: DBMS provides optimization techniques to improve the speed and efficiency of queries executed on data.

In summary, using a DBMS can greatly benefit an organization by ensuring data integrity, reducing data redundancy, improving data sharing and security, providing scalability, and optimizing query performance.

Finding Triplets Whose Sum is Zero in an Array of Distinct Integers

Given an array of distinct integers, the task is to find all the triplets whose sum is equal to 0.

    //Function to find all triplets with 0 sum
    function findTriplets(arr, n)
        let found = false;
        // Sort array elements
        arr.sort(function(a, b) {
            return a - b;
        // Traverse through array elements
        for (let i = 0; i < n - 1; i++) {
            // Initialize left and right pointers
            let l = i + 1;
            let r = n - 1;
            let x = arr[i];
            while (l < r) {
                if (x + arr[l] + arr[r] == 0) {
                    // print elements if it's sum is zero
                    console.log(x + " " + arr[l] + " " + arr[r]);
                    found = true;
                // If sum of three elements is less than zero then increment in lower bound 
                else if (x + arr[l] + arr[r] < 0)
                // If sum of three elements is greater than zero then decrement in upper bound
        // If no triplet with 0 sum found in array
        if (found == false)
            console.log(" No triplets found");
    // Sample test case
    let arr = [0, -1, 2, -3, 1];
    let n = arr.length;
    findTriplets(arr, n);

The function


takes an array of integers and its length as input parameters. It sorts the array in ascending order and then iterates over the array elements one-by-one. It initializes two pointers, one at the element next to the current element and the other at the last element of the array. It checks if the sum of the current element and the two pointed elements equals 0. If the sum is 0, the function prints the three elements and increment the left-pointer and decrement the right-pointer. If the sum is less than 0, it increments the left-pointer and if the sum is greater than 0, it decrements the right-pointer. If the function did not find any triplet with a sum of zero, it prints "No triplets found".

The sample test case initializes an array

[0, -1, 2, -3, 1]

and passes it to


function along with the length of the array. The expected output of this test case is

0 -1 1 2 -3 1


Understanding Indexing in Database Management Systems (DBMS)

In the context of database management systems (DBMS), indexing refers to the technique of organizing the data in a database to enhance the speed and efficiency of retrieving desired information. Indexing builds a data structure that allows for faster search and retrieval of data from a database. It works like an API that accelerates the search process.

Broadly speaking, there are two types of indexing:

1. Clustered Indexing: In this type of indexing, a table is sorted based on the values of the clustered index key. Each table can have only one clustered index. Clustered Indexing is efficient for tables with a large number of range queries.

2. Non-clustered Indexing: This type of indexing creates a separate structure from the table that stores a sorted list of primary key values and a pointer to the record. Non-clustered Indexing is suitable for tables with less number of range queries and more number of point queries.

Indexing is an essential part of DBMS, as it provides a faster way to retrieve data from a database, improving the performance and efficiency of the system.

Advantages of Indexing in DBMS

Indexing in DBMS provides several advantages, including:

  1. Improved performance: Indexing reduces the time it takes to retrieve data from a database, as it provides a shortcut to the required data.
  2. Faster execution of queries: Indexing speeds up the execution of queries by allowing the system to locate data quickly and efficiently.
  3. Reduced disk I/O: Indexing reduces the number of disk I/O operations required to access data, which can lead to significant performance improvements in systems with a large amount of data.
  4. Optimized data access: Indexing optimizes data access and retrieval by minimizing the amount of data that needs to be scanned or searched.
  5. Improved scalability: Indexing enhances the scalability of a database system by allowing it to efficiently handle large datasets and complex queries.
Note: Indexing should be used judiciously and only when necessary, as it can also have some drawbacks, such as increased storage requirements and slower data modification operations.

Finding maximum sum of contiguous subarray in an array of integers

// Function to find the maximum sum contiguous subarray in an array of integers
function findMaxSubarraySum(arr){
    // Initialize variables to track the maximum sum of subarray found so far and the sum of current subarray
    let maxSum = arr[0];
    let currSum = arr[0];
    // Loop through the array starting from index 1, because we have already initialized with index 0
    for(let i = 1; i < arr.length; i++){
        // Check if adding the current number to the current subarray sum results in a larger number than the current number itself
        currSum = Math.max(arr[i], currSum + arr[i]);
        // Update the maximum sum of subarray found so far, if current sum is larger than it
        maxSum = Math.max(maxSum, currSum);
    return maxSum;

// Example usage
let arr = [1, -2, 3, 4, -5, 8];
console.log(findMaxSubarraySum(arr)); // Output: 10

In the above code, we define a function


that takes an array of integers as input and returns the sum of the contiguous subarray with the maximum sum.

We initialize two variables,




, both with the value of the first element of the input array. We then loop through the array starting from index 1 and for each element, we check if adding it to the current subarray sum (stored in


) results in a larger number than the current element itself. If yes, we update


otherwise we keep


unchanged. We then update


if the


is larger than it. At the end of the loop, we return the



The example usage of this function is shown, which finds the maximum sum contiguous subarray of the given input array and prints it to the console, which in this case is 10.

Finding Employee with Nth Highest Salary using SQL

To find and print the employee with the Nth highest salary, we can use the following SQL query:

    LIMIT 1 OFFSET (N-1)

In this query, we are selecting the EMPLOYEE_NAME and SALARY columns from the EMPLOYEE_SALARY table. We are then ordering the results by the SALARY column in descending order. Finally, we are using the LIMIT and OFFSET keywords to select only one record, which will be the Nth record when ordered by SALARY.

For example, if we want to find the employee with the 3rd highest salary, we would use a query like:


This query will return the record with the 3rd highest salary in the table.

Understanding Deadlocks in Operating Systems

In the context of operating systems, a deadlock occurs when two or more processes are unable to proceed because they are waiting for each other to release resources. This could lead to a system-wide halt, causing a significant impact on the system's performance.

There are four necessary conditions for deadlock to happen: 1. Mutual Exclusion - Only one process can use a resource at a time. 2. Hold and Wait - A process holding at least one resource is waiting to acquire additional resources held by other processes. 3. No Preemption - Resources cannot be forcibly removed from a process that is holding them. 4. Circular Wait - A process is waiting for a resource that is held by another process, which is waiting for yet another resource. This continues until the last process is waiting for a resource held by the first process, resulting in a circular chain of waiting.

To prevent deadlocks, operating systems use several techniques such as resource allocation, process suspension, and priority-based scheduling. It is essential to analyze system designs and identify potential deadlock scenarios to minimize the risks of a deadlock.

Understanding Multiprocessing and Multithreading in Operating Systems

In the context of operating systems, multiprocessing and multithreading are two methods to achieve parallelism and optimize system performance.

Multiprocessing is the ability of a system to use multiple CPUs (Central Processing Units) or computer processors to execute multiple tasks simultaneously. In multiprocessing, each CPU runs its own task independently, which helps to reduce the overall processing time for a given workload.

Multithreading, on the other hand, is the ability of a CPU to execute multiple threads or lightweight processes within a single application. Each thread runs concurrently with other threads in the application and shares the same memory space. Thus, multithreading can help to improve application performance by optimizing resource utilization.

In summary, the main difference between multiprocessing and multithreading is that multiprocessing involves multiple CPUs executing multiple tasks simultaneously, whereas multithreading involves a single CPU executing multiple threads or lightweight processes within an application.

Accolite Interview Preparation

Here are some interview preparation tips:

1. Research about the company and the job role<br>
2. Brush up on data structures, algorithms and system design<br>
3. Practice coding questions on various platforms<br>
4. Prepare for behavioral and situational questions<br>
5. Dress professionally and be on time for the interview

Remember to be confident and articulate during the interview process. Good luck!

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is Accolite a product-based company?

Reasons to Hire Accolite

There are several reasons why you should consider hiring Accolite:

  1. Accolite has a strong track record of delivering high-quality IT solutions to clients around the world.
  2. The team at Accolite is made up of experienced professionals who are experts in their fields.
  3. Accolite uses cutting-edge technologies and techniques to develop innovative solutions that can help your business succeed.
  4. Accolite is committed to providing excellent customer service, and will work closely with you to make sure that your needs are met.
  5. Accolite is constantly evolving and adapting to the changing IT landscape, which means that you can always expect top-notch service and cutting-edge solutions.

What is the Accolite Digital Lateral Hiring Challenge?

The Accolite Digital Lateral Hiring Challenge is a hiring challenge conducted by Accolite Digital to identify talented individuals for lateral positions in the company. Participants are given a technical assessment to test their skills and knowledge in their domain. Successful candidates have the opportunity to join Accolite Digital and work on exciting projects in a dynamic and innovative environment.

Accolite Eligibility Criteria for Software Engineers

To be eligible for a software engineering position at Accolite, the following criteria must be met:

1. The candidate must have a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Computer Science or a related field. 2. The candidate must have a strong understanding of object-oriented programming concepts and experience with at least one programming language such as Java, Python, C++, or Ruby. 3. The candidate should have knowledge of web technologies such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, as well as frameworks like AngularJS, ReactJS, or NodeJS. 4. The candidate should also have a good understanding of data structures, algorithms, and software design patterns. 5. Good communication and problem-solving skills are essential for this role.

Note: Accolite may have additional requirements or preferences for specific software engineering roles.

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